B.A. In History and Literature, Hebrew University, Jerusalem.
M.A. in Modern Jewish History, summa cum laude. Tel Aviv University.
Ph.D. in Sociology and Anthropology, Bar Ilan University.
Post- doctorate, Oxford University, UK.
Areas of Research : modern Jewish history; History of Zionism, the Yishuv (prestate Jewish community in Palestine), Immigrations and Absorption, and social and political development in Israel.